Category: Featured Articles

Emotional PPE: Protecting Healthcare Workers’ Mental Health
by Ariel Brown, PhD and Daniel Saddawi-Konefka, MD, MBA

Much has been written about “flattening the curve” to avoid overburdening our healthcare system. The spotlight has primarily focused on availability of hospital and ICU beds, ventilators, medications, personal protective equipment (PPE), and other material resources. There has been less focus on a different limited resource, however, which is being quickly depleted – the mental health and wellbeing of healthcare professionals (HCPs).

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Diversity and Anesthesiology
by Jeanine P. Wiener-Kronish, MD

The definition of “academic” is “relating to scholarship and education”; this definition suggests an openness to ideas and change, as new knowledge should lead to changes in behavior. In medicine, change in physician behavior is often slow for unclear reasons—and to the detriment of patient care. Ignaz Philipp Semmelweis was a Hungarian obstetrician who discovered the cause of puerperal fever in 1847 when he was a 29-year-old Chief Resident (“first assistant”) in the first clinic of the lying-in division of the Vienna General Hospital.

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AUA and FAER: Two Sides of the Same Coin
by James C. Eisenach, M.D.

I’ve often heard it said that in research, “publications (or grants) are the currency of the realm.” Currency in this phrase could be shorthand to mean a few things. The metric of value, for example. Or by how investigators are judged by promotions committees, our peers, and our specialty. Without grant support it’s hard to envision a path for serious scientific contributions that will shape future understanding or clinical care in the specialty. And without sharing meaningful knowledge from research through peer reviewed publications, the work is wasted.

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Understanding Microglia Cells Functions
by Ehab Farag, MD

During embryonic development, primitive yolk sac myeloid progenitors enter the brain and differentiate into microglial cells. It is usually estimated that around 10% of the adult brain cells are microglia cells. Microglia can develop into proinflammatory/classically activated M1 or anti-inflammatory activated M2 phenotypes depending on the signals present at different stages after brain lesions.

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Unity in Medical Practice Serves as an Inspiration
by Idit Matot, MD

President Donald Trump officially declared U.S. recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and plans to relocate the U.S. embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. While this declaration, not unexpectedly provoked polarized reactions, some of which debate the mere existence of Jerusalem as the undivided capital of the Jewish state, the facts with respect to medical practice, service and education indeed reflect a unified city of Jerusalem.

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